Information on The Oan Isles

Information on Oan Isles
The purpose of this thread is to provide information on the Oan Isles.

The National Legislature of the Oan Isles

The National Legislature (French: Le Legislature Nacional) represents the people and discharges the sovereign will of the people and has the following functions:
[ul][li] To pass, repeal, amend or reject legislative and/or policy proposals and to ratify or dissolve treaties and/or international agreements.
[li] To create and/or dissolve committees responsible for the execution, amendment, review and formulation of legislation and/or policy and to nominate, elect and/or dismiss the members of those committees.

The National Legislature is a unicameral assembly elected to a term of four years through party-list proportional representation in 120 single member constituencies. This implies that one elects a candidate and the party to which they belong. This prevents the party from dismissing a constituent because he or she is meant to represent his/her’s constituency. At the same time it prevents the constituent from progressing his/her political interest by being bound to the ideology and interests of the organization his/her constituency follows or is represented by.

The National Legislature is headquartered on 1 Rock Road, La Rochelle. The National Legislature Support Agency (NLSA) provides support and services to the National Legislature.

Central Security Committee

The Central Security Committee amends, reviews and formulates legislation and policy. It also issues decrees that elaborate on the implementation of law. The CSC constitutes a part of the National Security Council whose scope on national security, policing etc. extends beyond that of any single institution.

The CSC meets in Conference Room 2 at 1 Rock Road, however has offices in the Jonathan Dunes Office Building. It’s members are members of the National Legislature, elected by the latter body. Its members are:

  1. Chairman Isaac Johnson
  2. Vice Chairman Zachariah Small
  3. Rt. Hon. Oundé Uona
  4. Rt. Hon. Esea Amua
  5. Rt. Hon. Uona e Seme
  6. Rt. Hon. Oundé Endo
  7. Rt. Hon. Rumo e Rumo
  8. Rt. Hon. Uala Louala
  9. Rt. Hon. Samantha Julian-Eric

Central Finance Committee

The Central Finance Committee amends, reviews and formulates legislation and policy. It also issues decrees that elaborate on the implementation of law. The CFC constitutes a part of the National Treasury’s Board of Directors whose scope on national finance extends beyond that of any single institution.

The CSC meets in Conference Room 1 at 1 Rock Road, however has offices in the Jonathan Dunes Office Building. It’s members are members of the National Legislature, elected by the latter body. Its members are:

  1. Amanda Macy Adams (Chairman)
  2. Sebastian Jackson (Deputy Chairman)
  3. Iona Io
  4. Julie-Anne Meyer
  5. Simba Ndotsunga
  6. Jean-Pierre DuPont
  7. Eua Aomiu
  8. Chevaun Du St. Martin
  9. Yumowa Onua
  10. Riu Esode

Central Committee System

Central Committees are responsible for formulating, amending and reviewing legislative and policy and issue decrees that elaborate on the implementation of law. Each Central Committee is competent over a specific type of law however should the scope of a piece of legislation blur, a Joint Committee composed of the Central Committees whose competence extends to aspects of the law in question, is formed. The National Legislature dissolves and creates committees, and elects from among its members, members to the committees it has created. As a result the Committee is usually a reflection of the political composition of the National Legislature. A Member of the National Legislature may only serve in 2 committees but it is not an obligation for every member to serve on one. Each committee elects a chairman. The Chairman acts as an intercessor between the committee and the National Legislature. The Chairman also calls for and presides over its meetings, setting the agenda and disciplining its members.

These are the current committees as of the First of March, 2014 CE:
• Central Security Committee
• Central Finance Committee
• Central Agricultural Committee
• Central Justice Committee: This committee has a unique mandate in that it compensates for the lack of a Constitutional Court. It ensures that legislation conforms to the First Laws (laws that compose what would be a “Constitution”) and thus often has the final say in all legislation.
• Central Education Committee
• Central Social Committee: This committee acts as a watch-dog committee, assessing a bill’s conformity to the Bill of Rights. It also receives peoples complaints and comments and attempts to address them in National Legislature or Supreme Judicial Council.
• Central Labour Committee
• Central Economy Committee
• Central Energy Committee
• Central Development Committee
• Central Health Committee

Supreme Judicial Council

The Supreme Judicial Council is in many ways equivalent to the Supreme Court in conventional judicial systems. It powers are however different. The Supreme Judicial Council for instance, is the only judicial institution in the world that can amend First Laws. It makes amendments to the Legal Code. The Supreme Judicial Council acts as the last court of appeals, usually by assessing written reports and oral presentations however it seldom does so. The Supreme Judicial Council may also veto legislation by issuing a decree that declares a law unconstitutional.

The Supreme Judicial Council is composed of 12 justices. Each must be a holder of a higher certification from a faculty of law from any Oan tertiary institution. The remaining candidates eliminated from a selection process created by the Central Electoral Commission, undergo training and assessment administered by the National Law Training Institute.

National Treasury

The National Treasury was founded in 1945 to control the finances of the country as a whole. It was established by the Federal Charter – an agreement between the former British colonies for the distinction of obligations and privileges between the confederates and the authority to which they are under – and the Treasury Act, which further elaborated on its obligations and privileges. Thus, the Treasury has played a significant role in the government since independence until now.

The Central Finance Committee fundamentally issues decrees elaborating on the implementation of the financial policy and legislation it has formed, reviewed, amended and proposed before the National Legislature. According to the Central Finance Committee Act, the CFC also acts as the Board of the Treasury and its Chairman as Treasurer, thus the roles have been merged, expanding its scope beyond legislation but the finances of the country as a whole.

There are several agencies under the National Treasury.

The Oan Isles’ Banking Corporation (Ltd.) was founded in 1768 by the Du Pont Brothers as the La Rochelle Bank. Prior to the Federal Act and the Currency Act, banks issued and coined their own currency. The consequences thereof was the eventual bankruptcy of civil banks, many of which were liquidated and bought by the La Rochelle Bank which later grew to monopolise a collapsing and inflated currency system. The National Treasury was later established to control finances however was unable to effectively do so. The National Treasury bought The La Rochelle Bank from the Du Pont Brother Company. Thus the Oan Isles’ Banking Corporation, though brought under the National Treasury, remained a corporate banking institution.

Unlike many central banks, the Oan Isles Banking Corporation does not have the same powers. The National Treasury assembles the budget and formulates monetary, fiscal and trade policy as the Central Finance Committee and through powers accorded in the Federal Charter: “to borrow and lend monies, and appropriate funds for the functioning of the government… The authority to issue, coin and regulate currency”. Thus the Oan Isles Banking Corporation, as a commercial bank, is the vessel through which the authority and responsibility of the National Treasury is discharged.

The National Audit Bureau was established by the Auditor-General Act. Successive amendments have however shaped it from the Office of the Auditor-General into a more effective agency. The Agency is subject to the decrees and mandate of the National Treasury however the independence of its officials is not only guaranteed by law but by the Supreme Judicial Council.

The National Revenue Service was founded from the La Rochelle Coin Authority. The name was deceptive in that it was responsible for the coining of currency however for the “collection of coin from the citizens for the funding of government”. Under the Revenue Act the La Rochelle Coin Authority was transformed into the current agency. Its mandate expanded to the “collection of dues and taxes”. Again it is subject to the decrees of the Central Finance Committee and mandate thereof in its capacity as the Board of the Treasury.

Thus the authority of the National Treasury can be understood to span over the whole of the finances of the country: to issue, coin and regulate currency; to regulate banks; to collect dues, fees and taxes; to appropriate funds for the running of the state and to borrow and lend monies.