News Broadcast of the Hamanian Empire

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Weaknesses of Auroran Democracy

An Essay by Rawa Wadu EM SCL KMD

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Auroran democracy, while possessing numerous positive, attributes, has proven to possess weaknesses that make it a reliable system to pursue.

Auroran democracy is the tradition of democracy manifest in the political systems of the continent of Aurora. It is built on the social, political and economic evolution of the nations of Aurora. This system has been lauded and duplicated by other nations in the world for the freedom it purports to impart on the people and the political fairness and stability it claims to put in place. In this essay, this assertion will be refuted.

The Oan Isles has lauded itself continually for its role as a beacon of light due to its political system. This assertion is a self-aggrandizement. The Oan Isles has been ruled by an alliance of political parties called the Greens and the Pacifists that has largely supported the status quo in those countries. The Oan Isles has a selective and conditional humanitarian and foreign aid policy to espouse its strategic interests. This system was easily susceptible to terrorist destabilisation when the direct democratic online system that gave each citizen voting powers in law was attacked and destroyed by Al Jaheed.

Xagrurg claims to be democracy, but has struggled to maintain a stable government. The nation invaded a sovereign nation called the Yor Isles on the grounds that its interests are threatened. The government of the Republic of Xagrurg was usurped in a coup d’etat led by Erwin Pious and a fascist government was installed instead. When the nation lost the Auroran Pacific War, a cosmetically democratic government that was stilled controlled by the military was elected. Soon after it was threatened by civil unrest that has made the likelihood of the dissolution of the entire country a strong possibility.

The Auroran Continental Assembly possessed a democratically elected Parliament that was meant to act as the highest authority in the supranational structure. It failed to act expediently and decisively on the Al Jaheed terrorist attacks in Kostoria Obertonia, the civil war in Imperial Fandom and the Xagrurgian invasion of the Yor Isles.

Furthermore members of the Auroran Continental Assembly began a war that was based on imperialism with the Axis on one side and the Allied nations on the other called the Auroran Pacific War.This war has caused billions of kiribs of damage and thousands of death. The UK and its allies circumvented established process to begin the war in retribution for the attempted assassination of Lambertus VII.

In the end of the war, the politically embarrassed Oan Isles attempted a power grab, manipulating the support and power of the United Kingdom to coerce Tuvaltastan, Tivot, Axdel, Blueacia, and the Yor Isles to join a separate union called the Auroran Union.

With the “In Defence of Peace” conference fickle political considerations and self interests cultivated by the short-sighted policies of the ephemeral governments of Aurora has stalled any progress on pressing issues such as nuclear nonproliferation, reconciliation and the war on terrorism.

It is clear that while Auroran Democracy has merits, it is largely unstable and beholden to dangerous populist and elitist interests. As such this system cannot be relied upon as a universal system by which the nations of the world should choose to run their affairs.

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Author: Rawa Wadu is an eminent scholar and resident lecturer at the University of Komodu is the field of political sciences and international relations.

DISCLAIMER: The News Broadcast of the Hamanian Empire does NOT take responsibility for the articles published on its site. The opinions expressed do not represent the position of the NBHE nor the Hamanian Imperial Government, but represent those of the author. Although we take great care in the journalism on this site, we are not responsible for it.

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I am a Defender of the Empire
An overview of the role of a good subject by Zahara Peka
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It is the responsibility of every subject of the King, regardless of their position they occupy in society, the circumstances under which they find themselves or the realm in which they are located defend the Hamanian Empire.

This responsibility relates to a variety of actions (and in some cases lack of action) which will improve and maintain the Empire. Each subject is not merely an individual existing for themselves, but a pillar upon which the nation rests and a soldier upon whom we depend. In our different spheres and roles we have the capacity to bring honour to this great Empire.

In our domestic roles as spouses we provide mutual support, kindness and affection. In our roles as children, our obedience brings our parents joy. In our roles as parents we provide for the needs, protection and guidance of our children.

In our professional roles as employees we enable the companies and institutions in which we work to work at all. In our roles as employers we give income and dignity of work to those beneath us. In our roles as managers we organise the workforce and bring out the best to those to whom we are assigned.

In our academic roles as teachers we impart knowledge to our students. In our roles as students we please our teachers and parents when we do well and work hard. In our roles as scholars and researchers we expand the knowledge that exists.

In our gender roles as men we provide leadership and protection. In our roles as women we nurture, encourage and support. In our social roles as the poor our respect and humility pleases the rich. In our roles the wealthy our generosity pleases the poor. In our familial roles as cousins, uncles and aunts and grandparents we help and strengthen each other.

In our roles as preachers we edify the Ummah. In our roles as leaders in the Kalifa we take care of the needs of the faithful and bring new sheep to the Almighty. In our role as the devout our devotion brings pleasure to the Creator. In his role as the Creator he gives us all we need.

In his role as King, His Majesty governs our realm with truth and justice. In their role as members of the House of the People, they give a voice to our people. In their voice as Chiefs they wisely rule us. In their roles as government officials they manage our country and bring essential services.

Each one of us occupies many roles within the social order. We affect the spiritual and material health of our civilisation. We affect people whom we know and don’t know. Your role as a teacher can prepare new Kings and your role as a child can bring peace to the dead and rain to the land. So much can be gain and so much can be lost from the behaviour of a single individual.

You are a vital part of this Empire, no matter how big or small. Bring glory to this civilisation, for as it shines brighter, so do you.

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Author: Zahara Peka is a preacher at the Wawa City Seminary and a community counselor for the poor and needy.

DISCLAIMER: The News Broadcast of the Hamanian Empire does NOT take responsibility for the articles published on its site. The opinions expressed do not represent the position of the NBHE nor the Hamanian Imperial Government, but represent those of the author. Although we take great care in the journalism on this site, we are not responsible for it.

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When Nature Becomes an Industry
An overview of how the animal products industry and wildlife conservation go hand in hand by Haru Mutasa
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The animal products industry of the Kingdom of Hama is one of the largest in the world. A variety of sustainably sourced animal products are sold to markets around the world for a variety of purposes such as traditional medicine and luxury products. Hama has managed to capitalise on its wildlife as not only a tourist attraction, but a source of exports. Our sustainable hunting practices and regulations have protected our unique wildlife from depletion. In this article we will look at these products.

Elephant tusks are made of ivory. Ivory has been a major commodity for a long time. It has been used to make piano keys and chopsticks.

Rhino horn is made from keratin. While this substance resembles human hair and nails, this product has been used in traditional medicines and has been exported to various markets in Gondwana.

Civets are a cat-like creatures with a black coat and white markings on their back and flanks that produce a pungent musky odour from their rear glands. This substance is used to make pleasant and fragrant soaps, shampoos and expensive perfumes.

Leopards are a big cat with yellow fur that has brown rosettes. Their pelts are sold to make various fashion items from boots and hats, to shoes and bags.

Kudu are a large antelope with long spiral horns. These horns are used for ornamentation by the wealthy. In the same vein, the oryx is an antelope with long straight horns whose horns are valued for ornamentation and traditional weapons.

The pangolin is a medium creature that eats insects and ants and has a tough armour of scales. These scales are sold for various purposes.

The pelts of wild animals such as those of antelope, zebra (a horse-like creature with a reply of black and white stripes) and lions are used as decoration particularly as rugs.

Ostriches are large flightless birds. Their puffy feathers are used to make feather dusters and decorate headgear.

Reptile skin, particularly from snakes and crocodiles, is used to make various garments.

Much of Hama is protected wilderness. The natural wildlife is supplemented with breeding programs and conservation efforts. With population monitoring, we are able to manage and monitor the available number of animals. We also have strict rules to prevent pollution and illegal dumping.

By exploiting our wildlife in sustainable and eco-concious ways, Hama has managed to have one of the biggest animal product industries in the world.
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Author: Haru Mutasa is the head of the Southern Grasslands Nature Reserve.

DISCLAIMER: The News Broadcast of the Hamanian Empire does NOT take responsibility for the articles published on its site. The opinions expressed do not represent the position of the NBHE nor the Hamanian Imperial Government, but represent those of the author. Although we take great care in the journalism on this site, we are not responsible for it.

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Fun in the Desert
A travel guide for all the fun activities there are in the Hamanian Southern Desert
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Panoramic view of the desert

The Southern Desert is the name of a large arid geographical landscape located in the extreme south of the Kingdom of Hama. The area is hot, dry and sandy. Despite the deceivingly bland nature of the area, it has a myriad of activities to cater for visitors of different tastes and interests.

Falconry

Falcon hunting is a major Hamanite sport and is one of the activities a visitor will be able to do. Falconry is the hunting of wild quarry in its natural state and habitat by means of a trained bird of prey. There are varieties according to all the different places one travels to that show the diversity of the communities that live in this hot place.

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Camel’s milk

Camels are ruminants with large humps on their backs which store fat that they use when food and water are not available. They were the primary mode of transport in the hot desert areas. They are great source of milk. The milk is very rich and used to make a variety of traditional butters and cheeses that accompany many famous dishes. Any foodie will appreciate this area of cuisine.

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Camel riders

Camels are also part of a sport called camel racing. A jockey rides a camel and attempts to run faster than his or her opponents. This is an exhilarating sport that draws many people from all over the country. There are also camel riding tours through the desert.


Old Ruins of Kahiru

The city of Kahiru is the largest city in this desert. It was originally a small settlement that was built around an oasis. This area expanded into a walled city many years ago. One can view the ruins of the Old City and get a glimpse of the life of the ancient people.


Bazaru

The city also has a massive market or bazaru. A variety of goods such as Persian carpets, spices and perfumes, traditional foods, swords, and traditional clothes can be bought here. The sukus of the town are an extensive network of alleys and underground tunnels in which this large market is contained and provide for a cultural experience.


Horse pageantry at the annual Maduhari Durbaru festival

In Kahiru one can also enjoy the many types of entertainment on offer. There are Whirling Dervishes at the local Sufi shrine. There are traditional plays and concerts in the open piazzas. There is poetry recitation. The Kahiru Royal Library is a repository for old manuscripts, some of which are Arabic texts rescued from the Wahhabist pillages of Islamic Golden Age literature. The adjective Kahiru Royal Gallery is a site to view traditional modern and ancient arts such as paintings and prints, sculptures and tapestries.
When you leave the city, you can go to any of the camps of the old nomadic people of Hama. They are friendly and hospitable. They travel in massive caravans (cavalcades of hundreds of horses and camels) from place to place and set up camps. Enjoy campfires at night and rustic living in the day.


Kahiru Palace Hotel

For our less adventurous visitors, there are also a variety of accommodation for a variety of budgets, ranging from chalets to lodges to hotels. The Kahiru Palace Hotel is a major attraction for more high end accommodation seekers. It is built in the traditional Arabian palace style with gardens and pools inclosed in courtyards, and luxurious rooms with breathtaking views of the desert. High tea at sunset in the Red Drawing Room offers a stunning view of the setting sun and chance to socialise.

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Desert Motorcycle Racing

The desert has not left adrenaline junkies out in the cold. There is also off road driving and racing. The incredible rides over the high sand dunes offers an exhilarating challenge for anyone who enjoys a bit of a fight. The awesome expanse is magnificent and the high speed endurance racing is just as amazing.

The Southern Botanical Gardens are a repository for the plant life that grows here. Although the desert seems dead and arid, there are many plants that grow here. There are succulent and fine leafed plants that have adapted to these harsh conditions. The Southern Botanical Gardens offer a great chance to view them all.

The Southern Deserts of Hama offer so much to everyone. If you want a concise guide of spots to go to visit our websites at http://www.travelguide.co.hm or http://www.roomfinder.co.hm. If you like what you’ve seen thusfar, imagine all that there is to see and experience in the rest of our beautiful country. Book your plane ticket with Royal Hamanian Airlines at http://www.flyhama.co.hm and contact the Home Office to arrange your legal documents at http://home.gov.hm or at +898 75 200 2000.

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Hama Must Bring Order to the World
The role that the Hamanites must play in civilising the world by His Majesty, King Maduallahu of Hama

The Hamanite people have a strong role to play in civilising the world.

Large portions of the world are uninhabited and unexplored. The resources of these places are underutilised, the land is not developed, the animals and plants are not documented, and the geography is not mapped. The Hamanite people have been conferred with excellence in science and research and a great deal of wealth and power. As such, it behoves our nation to continue exploring and conquering these untamed lands and bring them into the civilised word.

It is written in the Torah, which forms the progenitor of the Bible and Quran by which Christians, Jews and Muslims look at themselves: “Multiply and subdue the earth and have dominion over the world”. This is echoed in the Book of Faith, that man must propagate and control the world. Unfortunately, many humans are dim-witted and their pagan cultures have left their intellectual and spiritual development stunted. Established civilisations have stagnated over time and have reversed in their thirst for knowledge and reneged on their responsibility as mandated by Allahu himself. Having been bequeathed with true wisdom, wit and resources, it seems clear that the Hamanite people must bear the burden of bringing order to the world.

As mentioned above, there are humans and other sentient creatures who lack the appropriate faculties to enhance themselves. They continue to squabble over limited territory and resources, argue over pseudo-philosophy, and serve selfish ends. Many remain backward and mediaeval. Our enlightened society must bring order and civilisation to these wayward nations. We must proselytise the religion of God, we must propagate our language and teach them how to write, we must refine their manners, literature, philosophy, industry, art and architecture.

Many nations are also inhibited by their corrupt leaders and factional politics. These people are willing to hang on to power at the cost of their people with all the force they can muster. It rests upon the Hamanites to liberate nations of the Urth that are living under these conditions by all the means available to us. If that involves force, then so be it.

The Hamanite civilisation is a light in an otherwise dark world. The free exchange of ideas is allowed, the true religion of God is observed, science and research is encouraged, poetry, literature and arts are encouraged, innovation is rewarded, protected and built upon. We learn from others and freely exchange our knowledge with them. This desire to make the world a better place lies at the heart of our identity and should remain the foundation of our government and laws. We are best positioned to make manifest the mandate that Heaven has charged mankind with.

This process may be long and difficult, but we must endure. We must stand firm in the face of the challenges we are faced with and aspire to transcend the flawed conditions that characterise life. By gradually elevating ourselves, we shall become one with our Creator. We must seek knowledge, pursue kindness and charity, inspire hope and uphold upright moral values. It is by our submission to the laws of Heaven that our nation has been blessed. Our continued prosperity rests almost entirely on this humble and sincere subservience and fear of the Almighty.

To suppose that we are perfect is tantamount to blasphemy, as only He is perfect. But what must be argued is that man must seek to edify himself, to maintain and improve what is good and remove what is evil. This is the kind of attitude with which we must approach the lesser people of the world. This view should motivate our processes and interactions with them. These lesser races depend upon our nation to help bring them to enlightenment. To all those who seek it, Hama is open, to those who are able, to come see our nation and all that are in it. Come explore this land and acquire and idea of what civilisation looks like and hopefully replicate these ideas yourselves.

At the same time, all enemies of Hama must be wary, for any plans to corrupt and weaken us will fail. Our resolve to proliferate civilisation and order remains unyielding. With His help, we will succeed.

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Women Receive More Protection
Landmark law passed to strengthen women’s rights, by Hussayinu Binahaminu

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Komodu - The Protection of Women Act was passed in the Parliament earlier this week. It was promulgated by His Majesty King Maduallahu today. The law was drafted and presented to the Council of Chiefs (the upper house of the Parliament) by Minister of Foreign Affairs Dajida Taru and Minister of Home Affairs Fatima Muhammadu several months ago. After a consultative process between the Council of Chiefs and the House of the People (the lower chamber), the law was passed.

The law is designed to protect the rights of women. It creates a clear legal framework by which the rights of women are protected and by which the judiciary must treat women in cases it is charged to adjudicate. The law provides greater protection to women who have been victims of crime, protects the rights of women in child custody and divorce, protects the rights of women to own and inherit property, and makes misogynistic statements in literature, music and other forms of media illegal.

Hama has been one of the foremost states in the advancement of the rights of women in the broader Semitic world and has been one of the first to work towards creating equality between men and women. The process began in the 1600s when the first houses of worship were built where women were allowed to pray alongside men. This reversed centuries of gender segregation in places of worship that had been in place during the Islamic era. This catalysed the process by which more rights were given to women.

Many of the rights enumerated in the Protection of Women Act had existed in other statutes. This bill is a landmark bill because it brings those provisions together in one law, clarifies the process and terms surrounding women in a legal context, strengthens those provisions and provides for harsher punishments for crimes against women. Moreover it makes pejorative and disparaging statements against women in the public space in general but more specifically in the media illegal.

The Women’s Rights Movement - a civic organisation for the promotion of the rights and empowerment of women specifically and vulnerable people such as children and the elderly in general - has lauded the passage of this law. It believes that the law will consolidate the liberation of women. Furthermore it has lauded His Majesty “[For] his courage and leadership in supporting this process” (Retrieved 02/02/2018; women.org.hm).

Some critics have been sceptical about the law. They have supposed that the law will reduce media freedom and silence dissent and traditionalists believe it will threaten the stability of the family structure. On the Morning Show with Ibrahimu Hasanu, Fatima Muhammadu defended the law and addressed her critics. She said, “The Protection of Women Act does not supplant the role of men as fathers, husbands and heads of the family. It protects women from abuse, subjugation and crime”.
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AUTHOR: Hussayinu Binahaminu is a resident journalist for the News Broadcast of the Hamanian Empire.

DISCLAIMER: The News Broadcast of the Hamanian Empire does NOT take responsibility for the articles published on its site. The opinions expressed do not represent the position of the NBHE nor the Hamanian Imperial Government, but represent those of the author. Although we take great care in the journalism on this site, we are not responsible for it.

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History of Hamanian Navigation Part I
Application and Development of Quantitative Maritime Navigation: Devices.
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The history of navigation of the Hamanian people spans a period of over 1000 years, beginning circa 1000 CE. While rudimentary forms of marine transportation and fishing had existed at least 2000 prior, the quantitative navigation methods and long distance travel that characterises modern navigation and maritime travel is widely recognised by scholars to have begun approximately 1000 years with the invention of the cross-staff.

The first device to apply quantitative methods to navigation was the kamal, invented in Packilvania in the ninth century CE. Kamal was a wooden card attached to a string that had equal intervals of knots going through the centre of the card. The card was lifted to the horizon and was used to measure the distance and angle of a target star such as Polaris to the horizon. This method was effective in the Packilvanian Ocean and enable extensive maritime trade in this area.

Explorers from Hama were intrigued by this technology. Moreover the Hamanian intelligentsia was envious of the technical expertise available to and employed by the Packilvanians and the political, military and economic applications and benefits that this technology afforded them. The navigators of the north coast learnt the skills and procured the technology that the Packilvanians employed and attempted to duplicate these methods themselves. The kamal and the methodology of navigation that sprouted around it were adequate for a small time, but they proved less effective than when applied in the Packilvanian Ocean relative to the northerly latitude of the Borean Sea and the Gulf of Itur (which formed the primary waters of maritime trade and travel).

The inventors of Hama soon realised the inadequacy of the device and were in need of an alternative. They were particularly faced with growing competition from far eastern traders and navigators especially from Asendavia. They developed the cross-staff. They combined the application of quantitative methods to navigation and celestial navigation that the kamal employed to solve the dilemma that they were faced with. The cross-staff had undergone several years of trial and error. It had several prototypes before the predominant form, which first appeared in 1070 was used.

The cross-staff is a long wooden pole with another stick attached perpendicular to it that forms a capital Codexian “T”-letter shape. The device became more sophisticated as marks were made on the cross and staff that enabled the user to determine the latitude and direction relative to a target star (which was mostly the North Star). This device remained unaltered for another century and a half. While improvements were made in the design and system of measurement, the device proved consistent and reliable.

While the kamal itself never came into use in Hama, it catalysed the formation of the study of quantitative maritime navigation. The abahadu was a device that was invented to help navigators overcome the difficulty of navigating through turbulent seas during the day and night. The abahadu was a device made of a vertical wooden pole with a circular hinge joint at the bottom that allowed the device to turn almost 360°. A large light bag was fixed to the top which became inflated when the wind blew through it and subsequently moved the device in the direction of the wind. Another stick was attached horizontally across the main pole and moved vertically. This allowed the navigator to measure the direction of the wind in relation to the latitude, which moved Hamanian quantitative maritime navigation to new leaps and bounds.

The cross-staff remained in use. A more complex device was developed that used the technology of abahadu and cross-staff. The abahadu was the primitive ancestor of the inclinometer. The first inclinometer was developed and used in the early fourteenth century.It is an instrument for measuring angles of slope (or tilt), elevation or depression of an object with respect to gravity. Clinometers measured both inclines (positive slopes, as seen by an observer looking upwards) and declines (negative slopes, as seen by an observer looking downward) using three different units of measure: degrees, percent, and gradient or slope.

The astrolabe was an intricate and dynamic inclinometer that was developed in the late fourteenth century and was used in some form until the late nineteenth century. More complex inclinometers were developed than the primitive astrolabe, but they largely keep to the principles and general construction of the ancient astrolabe. It could be used to identify stars or planets, to determine local latitude given local time (and vice versa), to survey, or to triangulate. It remained in use for many years until the mariner’s astrolabe was developed, because it was less reliable on the heaving deck of a ship during rough seas.

Eminent Scholar of Quantitative Maritime Navigation at the University of Komodu, Ahasa Maliku commented, ”The introduction of the magnetic compass [in the late 14th century] was a triumph for navigation, and by extension trade and travel that transcended the limitations of navigation and brought man[kind] into a new era”. The magnetic compass may have existed since 200 BC, but was only introduced in the 1500s. It is a circular device with four perpendicular cardinal directions in 90° intervals. A needle points to magnetic north. From this the direction can be deduced. This device remains in use and has been refined over the years.

Quantitative maritime navigation existed from 1000 CE and used a variety of techniques that made Hamanians capable mariners. It is clear that the invention of new devices and their applications in maritime navigation were utilised to enhance the trade and travel of the Hamanian merchants and sailors. In the next part we will explore the history of shipping and the history of colonialism and imperialism facilitated by navigation.

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