Republic of Lyon

This information is out of date. Please refer to the Lyon wikipedia page, Lyon - NSWiki.

[s]Overview
The Republic of Lyon is a unitary democratic republic located in Southern Yasteria, bordering Drakkengard and the Federated Alliance of Free Pacific States. Lyon consists of a strip of largely flat coastal land, approximately 29,250 square kilometers in size. The nation enjoys a temperate climate. The country is surrounded to the North and West by Drakkengard and it is bordered to the South by the Federated Alliance of Free Pacific States. Lyon is host to a massive Free Pacifican military presence, but is also on close terms with the Pax Empire.

The approximately 7.7 million people of Lyon (commonly known as Lyonese) are largely indigenous Lyonese (71%), though there is a noteworthy minority of Tyrsins (28%). The Tyrsin minority has grown substantially in the past few years, thanks to the substantial job opportunities for Tyrsins in the military, intelligence services, and interior ministry. There is a great deal of hostility between Tyrsins and Lyonese, and discrimination is not uncommon. The predominant religion amongst the Lyonese is Christianity while most Tyrsins are atheist. The law does provide for equality regardless of ethnicity, religion, gender, or sexual orientation.

The Lyonese economy is mediocre in strength, but it is growing incredibly quickly. The global domestic product stood at $97,174.8 million in 2015, translating to a GDP per capita of $12,623. The Lyonese economy grew by 12% in 2015, and most economists expected similar growth in 2016. The economy is largely driven by Pax trade, Free Pacifican trade, tens of billions in annual Free Pacifican aid, and the presence of thousands of Free Pacifican troops. Manufacturing, agriculture, and the service industry lead the economy. Lyon uses Free Pacifican dollars as its official currency, though there are plans for the nation to adopt its own currency in the next few years.

Four political parties dominate Lyonese politics: the Unity Party, Freedom Party, the Tyrsin Action Party, and Lyonese Action Party. The Unity Party advocates a statist viewpoint, while the Freedom Party advocates a classical liberal viewpoint The Tyrsin Action Party pushes for Tyrsin ethnic interests, and the Lyonese Action Party pushes for Lyonese ethnic interests. The Unity Party has consistently led the government through an incredibly rocky coalition with the Lyonese Action Party and the Tyrsin Action Party.

The government of the Republic of Lyon is organized around a unified parliamentary model with a separate judiciary. Provincial authorities exist, but only as subsidiaries of the federal government. The nation is led by the Prime Minister, who is elected by Parliament, and serves until removed/replaced. The judicial branch consists of judges appointed by the Parliament for six-year terms. The Parliament itself is unicameral. There are two-hundred eighty Parliament Members, all of whom serve two year terms, and each of whom represents a district consisting of 50,000 persons.[/s]

This information is out of date. Please refer to the Lyon wikipedia page, Lyon - NSWiki.

[s]Modern History
The Packo Empire withdrew from Port Lyon in 1896 after six centuries of occupying the territory. The residents of Lyon Desert, which included two smaller cities, united to create the Lyon Federation a year later. For the next fifteen years, the Lyonese lived in peace, and saw an economic boom from trade with the then-disunited Free Pacific States.

The Tyrsis Empire violently ended this period of prosperity in 1909, annexing the state based on a flimsy pretext, but the Lyonese Army was wholly unable to resist. The Lyonese people resisted Tyrsin rule over the next ninety years but the Tyrsins repeatedly used force to ensure compliance. By the mid 1990s, few resistance groups remained in existence, and only one resistance leader maintained any influence.

But opportunity struck in 2005, when the Emperor of Tyrsis died, and the Tyrsin government collapsed into civil war. The Lyonese rebel organizations united at that point to attack the territorial government, which led to a complete breakdown of order in the Lyon area. After several months, Dannistaan deployed troops to Tyrsis to restore order, and the Federated Alliance of Free Pacific States followed suit in Lyon.

A group of Lyonese leaders met with the head of the Free Pacifican peacekeeping force soon after the invasion. The Free Pacificans granted a request during the meeting for a new constitutional convention, which led ultimately to the creation of the Lyon Republic. The first elected Parliament in Lyonese history, not to mention the first independent Parliament in a century, met in 2005.

But the creation of a government in Lyon did not mean an end to the ills of that nation. The Tyrsin portion of the population, largely disenfranchised by the new government, resisted the occupation violently. The Lyonese resistance leaders, who saw election to most top government positions despite a complete lack of administrative experience, failed to efficiently organize the new state. And the Free Pacificans, who were trained to fight the Pax not an insurgency, repeatedly alienated the populace. By the end of 2006, the situation was rapidly deteriorating.

The Free Pacifican peacekeeping forces in conjunction with the Lyon Republic undertook a program in 2007 to address the issues in the country. The Federated Alliance reorganized its peacekeeping forces as part of this effort, appointing more junior officers with counter-insurgency knowledge to replace older commanders trained in conventional combat, and the Lyon Republic created a new independent oversight commission to root out corruption. Most importantly, Lyonese Prime Minister Soo-Hoon Kim reached out to the resistant Tyrsin Action Party, offering clemency to the leaders and members of the Party in return for its pledge to cease violent activities. These moves proved highly successful and the situation seriously improved by the beginning of 2008.

The country elected a new parliament in 2010, led by the Unity Party, and that parliament re-elected Kim as Prime Minister. But in a nod to the Tyrsin portion of the population, Kim named former Tyrsin politician Chris Hartin to the position of Deputy Prime Minister, and Kim granted clemency and reinstatement to former Tyrsin officials that desired it. The Free Pacifican military ceased peacekeeping operations in 2012, leaving capable local forces to handle security issues. The “Tyrsin Royal Guard,” a violent resistance group, continues to operate in Lyon to this day, though with little success.

Lyonese politics today focus largely on the relationship between the Pax Empire and the Federated Alliance of Free Pacific States. Both the Pax and the Federated Alliance maintain close relations with Lyon, given its important strategic position. The Pax Empire has declared Lyon a protectorate, while the Federated Alliance has signed a defense pact with Lyon. The Free Pacific States currently possesses the upper-hand in influencing Lyon, maintaining a sizable military presence in Lyon, and funding the Lyonese government to the tune of $36 billion per year. The Lyonese economy has grown tenfold in the last decade because of these two relationships, and a major economic boom continues today.[/s]

MilitaryThe Lyon Republic maintains a relatively powerful military, which is closely interlinked with the Free Pacifican military. The Federated Alliance of Free Pacific States funds the military as a whole, pledging $26.8 billion for 2016 to arm, train, and equip the Lyonese armed forces. The Federated Alliance supervises all Lyonese military training, operations, and exercises. The Lyonese and Free Pacifican militaries jointly defend the nation, operating joint air, sea, and ground defenses. There is presently a sizable Free Pacifican military force in Lyon, which shares many facilities with Lyonese armed forces. There are three Lyonese services: the Army, Navy, and Air Force.

The Lyonese Army is responsible for conventional ground operations, close air support operations, and related operations. The Army fields a force of 55,288 active duty personnel and 30,955 reservists, and this force is organized on the Free Pacifican model into four combined-arms, self-sufficient brigades. Each brigade contains a 3000-person active-duty combat regiment, capable of fighting defensively, and a 2000-person reserve-duty support regiment, which grants the brigade the capability to deploy offensively. A brigadier commands each brigade.

The Lyonese Army is also responsible for disaster relief, military policing, and special operations. The Army operates two combined-arms, mixed active/reserve Guard Brigades to fulfill this purpose. A brigadier commands each brigade, which is comprised of five thousand personnel: a 2500-man reserve police regiment, a 2000-man reserve support regiment, and a 500-man active-duty special forces regiment. The two Guard Brigades are infrequently used for counter-insurgency operations, and the two special forces units once reported to the Lyonese Interior Ministry.

The Lyonese Navy is responsible for all naval operations. The Navy fields a force of 5,000 active duty personnel and 1,800 reservists, who operate two guided missile frigates. The Federated Alliance provided these two frigates, which were constructed in the early 1980s. Each frigate 136m long and 14m wide, carries a complement of 176, and has a top speed of 29 knots with a range of 4500 nautical miles. Each ship features a 76mm gun, a single-arm surface-to-surface missile launcher, two torpedo launchers, and a close-in weapons system. A commander commands each ship.

The Lyonese Air Force is responsible for air superiority, air defense, and air transport operations. The Air Force fields a force of 4,500 active duty personnel and 2,500 reservists. The Air Force operates two main units: a fighter wing and an air defense wing. The fighter wing flies F-11C Wasps, the slightly outdated version of FPS’ premier fighter aircraft. The air defense wing operates a joint missile-based air defense system with the Federated Alliance. A commander commands each of the two wings.

The Defense Ministry directly oversees the administration of the Lyonese Special Forces Regiment, a combined-arms unit comprised of personnel from every branch. The Lyonese Special Forces Regiment is comprised of 2450 personnel including 700 operators. The regiment is primarily trained for direct action operations, though it receives secondary training in unconventional warfare.

The Lyonese military operates nearly entirely independently of the civilian government, despite being technically subordinate to the civilian administration. The military, intelligence, and law enforcement communities are nearly entirely comprised of ethnic Tyrsins, who feel little loyalty towards the Lyonese regime. The Federated Alliance pays, equips, and trains these Tyrsins, who as a result feel a much greater loyalty towards the Federated Alliance. Indeed, the military uses Codexian as its primary language, unlike the Lyonese government. There are many concerns in Lyonese society regarding the military’s power and seeming independence, but this has yet to come to a head as the military’s leadership has been careful to publicly respect the civilian administration.